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Systolic arrays are critical in parallel computing. They efficiently accomplish tasks like matrix multiplication and signal processing by coordinating a grid of processing components to perform synchronized operations. The structured data flow reduces memory access while increasing processing, resulting in substantial speedups. Systolic arrays are used in a variety of domains, from AI model training to scientific simulations, to improve speed and enable complicated computations that typical sequential approaches struggle with.
The k-Nearest-Neighbours (kNN) algorithm is a popular Machine Learning technique that can be used for a variety of supervised classification tasks. In contrast to other machine learning algorithms which "encode" the knowledge gained from training data to a set of parameters, such as weights and biases, the parameter set of a kNN classifier consists of just labelled training examples. Classification of an unlabelled example takes place by calculating its Euclidean distance (or any other type of distance metric) from all the stored training examples.